Semantic Field:

A semantic field is a technique used by writers to keep a certain image persistent in the reader’s mind. Shakespeare uses this technique in Romeo and Juliet, for example, the lines between 96-103 where Mercutio percieves dreams by telling Romeo that he has complete control of his actions and dreams and they are just “a lie sprung from a sleeping brain”. ’Which are the children of an idle brain/Begot of nothing but vain fantasy,’ this means the dreams are just children of a sleeping brain and are nothing but a useless impossible idea.



But soft! What light through yonder window breaks?
It is the east, and Juliet is the sun.
Arise, fair sun, and kill the envious moon,
Who is already sick and pale with grief,
That thou, her maid, art far more fair than she.
Be not her maid since she is envious.
Her vestal livery is but sick and green,
And none but fools do wear it. Cast it off!
It is my lady. Oh, it is my love.
Oh, that she knew she were!
She speaks, yet she says nothing. What of that?
Her eye discourses. I will answer it.—
I am too bold. ‘Tis not to me she speaks.
Two of the fairest stars in all the heaven,
Having some business, do entreat her eyes
To twinkle in their spheres till they return.
What if her eyes were there, they in her head?
The brightness of her cheek would shame those stars
As daylight doth a lamp. Her eye in heaven
Would through the airy region stream so bright
That birds would sing and think it were not night.
See how she leans her cheek upon her hand.
Oh, that I were a glove upon that hand
That I might touch that cheek!

Act 5 Scene 3

Time: Thursday Night
Location: The tomb of the Capulets
Characters: Paris, Page, Romeo, Balthasar, Friar Lawrence, Juliet, Prince, Capulet, Lady Capulet, Montague.
Events: Paris goes to the Capulets tomb to lay flowers on Juliet’s grave, he hears a whistle from the servants that someone is entering the graveyard. Romeo enters with a crowbar telling Balthasar it is to take back the valuable ring he gifted to Juliet, then he orders Balthasar to leave, and, in the morning, to deliver to Montague the letter Romeo had given him. Paris approaches Romeo noticing him as the man that killed Tybalt. He thinks Romeo is here to disrespect the corpse of the Capulets. Romeo pleads Paris to leave but Paris refuses. they draw their swords and fight until Romeo kills Paris. As Paris dies he asks to be buried next to Juliet’s grave. He enters the tomb to await Juliet laying there so peacefully he wonders how beautiful he looks even when she’s dead.He talks to her about having an eternity together he gets on his knees and kisses her then drink the potion and dies. Just then Frair Lawrence enters the churchyard seconds late, to tell the truth to Romeo about Juliet’s fake death. As he enters Juliet awakes. Juliet asks him where her husband is and Frair Lawrence informs her about the death of Paris and Romeo Frair leaves the room Juliet looks down to see Romeo dead body lying beneath her. She kisses Romeo and takes his dagger and kills herself lying dead beside Romeo. Chaos arises in the churchyard to discover dead bodies near the Tomb. The Capulets and Montague arrive The Prince shows Montague his son’s body. Upon the Prince’s request, Friar Lawrence succinctly tells the story of Romeo and Juliet’s secret marriage and its consequences. Balthasar gives the Prince the letter Romeo had previously written to his father. The Prince says that it confirms the friar’s story. He scolds the Capulets and Montagues, calling the tragedy a consequence of their feud and reminding them that he himself has lost two close kinsmen. The two families agree on putting their feud behind them.
Quote:“O happy dagger, This is thy sheath,”- Juliet

Act 5 Scene 2

Time: Thursday morning
Location: Frair Lawrence cell
Characters: Frair Lawrence, Frair John
Events: At Friar Lawrence’s cell he speaks with Friar John, who he had earlier sent to Mantua with a letter for Romeo about Juliet’s fake death. He asks John how Romeo responded to his letter about his plan for Juliet’s fake death. Friar John replies that he was unable to deliver the letter because he was shut up in a quarantined house due to an outbreak of plague. Friar Lawrence becomes upset and worried, realizing that if Romeo does not know about Juliet’s false death, there will be no one to retrieve her from the tomb when she awakes. Meanwhile, Romeo has found out about Juliet’s death and believes that it is real. Friar Lawrence decides that he will have to rescue Juliet from the tomb on his own. He sends another letter to Romeo to warn him about what has happened and plans to keep Juliet in his cell until Romeo arrives.

Quote: “poor living corse, clos’d in a dead man’s tomb!”- Friar Lawrence

Act 5 Scene 1

Location: Mantua
Time: Wednesday morning
Character: Romeo, Balthasar and Apothecary
Events: Romeo servent Balthasar arrives with news from Verona. Juliet is dead. Romeo quickly decides that he is going to go to Juliets grave and drink the poison there. Apothecary looks poor and Romeo convinces him to sell him the poison even though selling poison is illegal and Romeo gives him money.
Quote: ” There is thy gold, worse poison to men’s souls, Doing more murder in this loathsome world, Than these poor compounds that thou mayst not sell “

Act 4 Scene 5

Act 4 Scene 5
Time: Wednesday morning
Location: Juliets room
Characters: Nurse, Lady Capulet, Capulet, Frair Lawrence, Paris, First musician, Second Musician, Peter
Events: Nurse come into Juliet’s room to wake her up for her big wedding day Juliet takes ages to wake up to The Nurses horror Juliet is dead.  The nurse informs her family who is setting up for the wedding. Her family are speechless. Frair Lawrence comes into the room he knows whats going but acts in shock he says that they should take Juliet to the tomb as fast as possible.
Quote: “O me, O me, my child, my life! Revive, look up, or I will die with thee.”- Lady Capulet

Dramatic Devices:

Chorus: A character, or group of characters who ‘narrate’ key information within the performance.

Dramatic Irony: When the audience knows information that is concealed from certain characters.

Pathetic Fallacy: The setting responds to or reflects the emotions or events of the human world.

Solioquy: a character directly states their inner thoughts.

Task: Find an example of each of these devices and explain it, with a supporting quotation

Chorus: the chorus on Act 1 scene 5


Act 4 Scene 2,3 and 4

Act 4 Scene 2,3 and 4
Time: Tuesday night to Wednesday morning
Location: Capulets house
Characters: Capulet, Juliet, Servingman, Nurse and Lady Capulet
Event: After Juliet comes back from Frair Lawrence and has a plan for the marriage she tells Capulet that she has agreed on the wedding Capulet is thrilled with this news and changes the date for 2 days time. Capulet continues preparing for the wedding. That night Juliet continues with the plan and takes the potion. Early Wednesday morning The whole Capulet house is preparing for the wedding and Nurse goes to wake up Juliet.
Quote: “Where I have learnt me to repent the sin”- Juliet

Act 4 Scene 1

Act 4 scene 1
Location: Frair Lawrence cell
Time: Tuesday morning
Characters: Pairs Friar Lawrence, Juliet
Events: Paris passes by Friar Lawrence church to discuss with him about wedding arrangements. Friar starts to worry because he knows about Romeo. Juliet comes to see Frair but runs into Paris while she’s there.Paris talks to Juliet as his wife, Juliet is not pleased my this and try’s to hint that she doesn’t want Paris. Paris leaves, leaving Frair and Juliet to talk. Juliet says that she will kill herself instead of marrying Paris. Friar comes up with a plan that does not involve this, He says theres a potion that can put you asleep for 48hrs but it makes you look like your dead. Id they think Juliets dead then they will take her to the Capulet’s tomb, if everyone thinks Juliet is dead the . she wont have to marry Romeo and while she’s in the tomb Romeo comes and picks her up and takes her to Mantua. Juliet agrees on this decision because its the only way she can get out of the marriage.

Act 3 Scene 5

Act 3 Scene 5
Time: Tuesday Early morning
Location: Capulets house
Characters: Juliet, Romeo, Nurse, Lady Capulet, Capulet
Events: Romeo awakes after the first night with Juliet, Romeo has to leave and they both find it hard to say goodbye but Romeo has to go because he can’t be seen in Verona let alone Juliets room. Lady Capulet comes storming into the room and speaks of Romeo as a villain, a villain that killed Tybalt. She announces her big news of Juliet’s marriage with Paris, Juliet hates the idea because shes deeply in love with Romeo. Capulet has big plans for the wedding and so pleased of his daughters soon to be husband. Juliets disagrees with the marriage making Capulet very angry and threatens her that if she does not marry Paris she will be thrown onto the street. Juliet turns to her mother for help Juliet begs her mother to just delay the wedding but lady Capulets does not agree. She cant marry Paris because she is already married to Romeo and it would be a sin against God as well as betraying Romeo. The Nurse believes that Juliet should marry Paris Juliet is annoyed that even the Nurse isn’t on her side. Juliet has one option left and that is to go and see Friar Lawrence and if he can’t help then she has no other choice but to commit suicide.

Quote:”if all else fail, myself have power to die.”- Juliet